Conducting Direct Assessments
Direct assessments (or direct measures) of a learning outcome "reveal what students know and can do [while] indirect measures suggest why performance was above or below expectations and what might be done to improve the processes of education" (Banta, 2004, p. 5). Using a combination of direct and indirect measures is advisable, because they offer complementary information. However, assessment plans must include direct measures in order to supply credible information for decision-making (Palomba & Banta, 1999).
Below are some direct assessments that engineering programs nationwide have found useful. The pages below are intended to
- spark ideas that may prove useful for a department's assessment plan
- help departments draw on established classroom assignments as direct assessments and
- offer concrete tips for selecting, designing, implementing, and scoring each assessment.
In Lecture/Recitation Format Courses
In Laboratory or Project Format Courses
- Laboratory Assignments
- Writing Assignments
- Technical Reports & Proposals
- Technically-based Business Communications
- Oral Assignments
In Various Engineering Courses
Direct Assessment Tools
For additional ideas, please contact us (email@example.com).
Banta, T. W. (2004). Introduction: What are some hallmarks of effective practice in assessment? In T. W. Banta (Ed.) Hallmarks of Effective Outcomes Assessment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Palomba, C. A. & Banta, T. W. (1999). Assessment Essentials: Planning, Implementing, and Improving Assessment in Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.